Mon24042017

Last update21/04/2017

exchange-rates



Finance (101)

Getting competitive, best exchange rates can help save you a lot of money. Whether you are a tourist, expat, financial trader, or businessman, it is very important to know how to forecast the exchange rates, to minimise risks and maximise returns.

Exchange rates are linked to global markets and they change on a daily basis. While predicting their exact rate with accuracy is not possible, you can to a certain extent forecast its direction by understanding the following.

Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)

Purchasing Power Parity is an economic theory which works on the principle that identical goods in different countries should have identical prices. For e.g. if a pair of Nike shoes costs X dollars in a particular country then it has to cost the same X dollar in a different country after the currency conversion.

The Economist Magazine has a fun way of predicting the exchange rates called the Big Mac Index. This index considers the cost of the Big Macdonald Burger in different countries to predict the exchange rate movement. Consider the present scenario; one USD is equivalent to 3.67 AED currently. In future if one Big Mac Burger were to cost one dollar in USA but the same burger is costing 4 AED in the UAE, then the rule says that the AED will depreciate in the long run to 4 AED per dollar.

Forecast exchange rates

 

Relative economic strength

If the economic strength of a nation is strong (like strong growth rate, manufacturing sector growth, low interest rate etc.) then the global investors would want to invest in these countries via their financial markets through stocks, government bonds etc. When there is a demand from global investors the currency would appreciate. This rule is a good predictor of the overall upward/downward trend of currencies.

Financial models

If you are a financial investor looking to make money from exchange rate fluctuation then you can use econometric models which take into consideration different parameters like GDP growth rate, interest rate, inflation etc, and assign them particular values to build an equation around them. This helps get an exact number for future exchange rate.

Time series model

This method is purely technical and is not based on any economic theory. A popular time series approach is called the Autoregressive Moving Average (ARMA). This method is based on the idea that past behaviour and price patterns can be used to predict future patterns. All it needs is a time series of data which can be fed to the computer.

Another easy way to avoid the exchange rate fluctuation is to use a travel card that lets you lock in exchange rates when they are favourable. You can use the locked rates later, when the currency rates head in an unfavourable direction.

Dealing with the everyday challenges of money management is hard enough in your home country, where you generally understand most financial concepts. Imagine doing that in a foreign country with different rules and regulations and an unknown language!

The top three financial challenges faced by expats are:

  1. Finding optimal money transfer services
  2. Understanding the tax laws of the new country
  3. Obtaining loans or credit cards

Money Transfer

When you move abroad and begin your expat life, one of the biggest challenges you face is to find the right way to send money back home. International money transfer can be tricky! Some of the problems you need to deal with are high transaction fees and fluctuating currency rates.

However all of these issues can be easily sorted out by selecting a reputable and dependable money transfer service that can help you transfer money instantly and also provide you with the most competitive exchange rates that’s definitely cheaper than banks!

Financial Challenges of an expat

Taxation

Dealing with taxes is complicated and the paperwork associated with it is vexingly difficult. Living in a new country means you need to now get used to a new system. In order to understand the new system, ask these questions upfront.

  1. What will I be taxed on?
  2. What are the documents required?
  3. Will I be taxed on my pension?
  4. Whom do I liaise with?

Expats also face additional reporting requirements, including reporting any foreign bank accounts, any non-residential country mutual funds, pensions and investments. Several tools and apps such as IRS2Go, My Bock Ask a CPA etc. are now available which can help you compute your taxes and you can also avail the services of a financial advisor to help you out.

Obtaining Credit

Most countries require you to have a good and healthy credit record in order to apply for loans or credit cards. However, when you move to a new country, you realise that you don’t have a credit history which makes it difficult for you to obtain a loan. What you can try to do is, provide a record of your credit history from your home country. But that might not be accepted everywhere. So, the only solution is to build your credit record from scratch. Pay your bills on time, keep your debt low and avoid opening too many bank accounts.

Most of the time, the problems you’ll face as an expat will be due to the fact that you are not familiar with all the laws and fine-print. So don’t hesitate to ask for help!

Being smart with money and understanding interest rates is very important in today’s world. Astuteness is required not only in calculating interest amount you have to pay. You also need to know how to save and make money leveraging them!

Not able to understand? Here you go.

Interest rate is the price of money. It could be a profit you earn from saving or investing. It is also the cost for borrowing cash. Usually interest rates on savings account/other investments is lesser compared to interest rate you pay for taking a loan. This differential is how the banks earn money.

These rates can be your worst enemy if you haven’t understood the concept correctly. Here are four points that will help you appreciate interest rates better!

Interest rate varies from bank to bank

Do remember that interest rates vary from bank to bank. The rate you would pay on your home loan from one bank might be higher or lower compared to a different bank. Make sure you do a competitive analysis among various banks to understand and choose the bank which provides the most competitive rate. This is applicable not only to bank rates but also to credit card rates. Hence make sure you always deal with authentic money advisors who can help you find the best rates.

Interest rates

Types of interest rates

Loan rate can be of two types: fixed and variable. The fixed interest rate is constant for the duration of the loan. But variable interest rate fluctuates based on the market forces. If you are regularly tracking financial markets and macro indicators for your country you would understand variable rates better, else we recommend you to choose a fixed rate of interest.

Higher the inflation, greater the interest rate

Inflation is the rate at which the prices of daily commodities like petrol and groceries increase on monthly/quarterly basis. The higher the inflation rate, the more the interest rates will rise. This is because the purchasing power of money gets reduced when there is increased inflation. Thus the cost of producing and procuring goods increases. Hence people and companies tend to borrow money which increases the demand for loans. This causes banks to increase their interest rates.

Be aware of concession schemes

Concession schemes for women borrowers and senior citizens are offered by many financial institutions which helps save substantial sum on the interest rate. Always enquire, invest or borrow from such schemes.

As consumers we should have complete understanding about interest rates, as it has the potential to save and make a lot of money.

Any idea which is the easiest, convenient and cost-effective way of sending money?

Of course it’s online remittance! You can transfer money at the click of your mouse, right from where you are, anywhere and anytime.

So how do you transfer money online?

In this article, we will take you through the step by step procedure to send money successfully. Make sure you go through secure and trusted money transfer provider, to get the most competitive rates.

Step 1 - Sign up to create your user id and password.

If you are a first time user, you can sign up within minutes by providing your basic details and you will be given your user id and password. If you are just testing the waters, you can also skip this step and choose to be a guest user.

Step 2 - Sign in to your account

Using the user id and password, you can sign in to your account. Once you sign in, you will find a summary of your account along with an option to send money. Click on to transfer money.

online remittance

 

Step 3 - Add/select your beneficiary account number

If your beneficiary is already added then select your beneficiary, else you will have to set up account by entering the beneficiary account details and SWIFT code. The SWIFT Code is a standard format for Business Identifier Codes (BIC) and it's used to uniquely identify banks and financial institutions globally - it says who and where the recipient is.

Step 4 -Enter the amount to be sent

Choose the amount of money you want to transfer. You will know exactly how much money your beneficiary will receive, by subtracting the agency cost from the amount using the accurate exchange rate.

Step 5 - Confirm the transaction

Finalise the transaction by clicking “confirm” or “make payment” button.

Step 6 – Track your payments

You must be able to track your transaction online, till the time money reaches the hands of the beneficiary. It’s that simple.

Gone are the days when it will take a fortnight or more to send money home. Now with the click of button, money can be transferred online. So what are you waiting for?

An entrepreneur is someone who jumps off a cliff and builds a plane on the way down! Leaving your job and embarking on your dream entrepreneurial journey is never easy. The self-employed people usually face several financial challenges, as their income may not be as regular as the salaried class. At the risk of sounding pessimistic, here is a popular stat.”50 per cent of enterprises fail within the first year, and 95 per cent, within the first five years!”

So all you have to do is, develop a fool-proof financial system around you. Here are just 2 things, you need to focus on.

1. Diversify

Placing funds across other side businesses, alternate investments, or by just setting aside reserve cash, you will give yourself the much needed breathing room. This is help you operate independently with consistent growth and more exciting opportunities. For beginners, first open and maintain the following bank accounts:

Tax account: If you are drawing money from your venture or if you are reinvesting your income, in either case tax needs to be paid, and this is higher than what you used contribute as a salaried employee. Keep this portion aside every month for your tax obligations.

Retirement fund: While you may feel you can continue working forever, destiny may think otherwise. Hence, set up a retirement fund.

Saving and Investment account: While saving and investment is a must for every individual it’s of paramount importance for an entrepreneur. Smart investment decision can secure your future and help you build your business even further.

Buffer account: This account should only be touched during rainy days, as it will provide the blanket of security every self-employed person needs.

However ensure that your business and personal accounts are maintained separately, as it will help you save money for yourself and not lose it all in the business.

personal finance for self employed

2. Simplify and digitise routine bill payments

As a self-employed individual, time is of utmost essence to you, tasks that could have been handled easily when you were salaried seem difficult now as you are always racing against time to get your work done. Automating and securely digitalising wherever possible is crucial. Let the digital forces take care of utility bills, telephone bills and renewal of all your business related subscriptions. Ensure all these bill payments are made through one reputed money transfer provider who offers many convenient and accessible ways to pay your utility, insurance or subscription bills.

A little bit of planning combined with a viable spending strategy will make sure that your business can endure any possible lows and make the most of the highs. You may miss the stability of working as a salaried employee, but if you’re smart, you can have more stability all by yourself!!

One of the most important fundamentals of good financial planning is to expect the unexpected and build an emergency fund. These funds are necessary to cover any unexpected expenses that may arise, and to ensure you do not fall into debt. Events such as job loss, medical emergencies, or even an incident like a lost phone or a car accident can cause your financial life to spiral out of control. It’s exactly at this time, you’ll need to have some emergency funds stashed away, which you can rely on without going further into debt. For expats living away from home, it’s very important that they maintain this fund, should they need to send money back home for any emergency.

How big should the fund be?

A good rule of thumb is to have enough money to cover you for three to five months. However, since no two emergencies are the same, it is always good to have dual emergency funds: a short-term emergency fund and a long-term emergency fund. The short-term fund will take care of any minor expenses and smaller emergencies. However you need to make sure that this fund is easily accessible at any time.
The long-term fund is for more serious and bigger emergencies and should also be available easily; however this fund can be a part of an investment as well.

But, ultimately, anything is better than nothing, so even if you cannot maintain two funds, make sure you have at least one available – however small.

Start Build your emergency fund

 

Where should you save the emergency fund?

The best option would be to save the money in a savings account, since it can be easily accessible and will be safe. However, this should be a different account and not connected to the account you use for your daily expenditure.

How to build an emergency account?

The steps you should take to build an emergency account are as follows.

  1. Set a savings goal first. Choose an amount you are comfortable with to save every month.
  2. Choose the right savings account. Even better if it is an online-only bank account.
  3. Deposit any loose change you and all your family members have in a jar. Once it’s full, transfer the entire amount to your savings account.
  4. If you are an expat living away from your family, then send money back home to your savings account, using a reputed bank transfer service.
  5. Transfer any money that remains in your daily expenditure account at the end of the month to your savings account.
  6. Make your regular monthly deposits automatic – from your checking account to your emergency funds account. This way a certain amount of money will automatically get debited from your checking account (on a specific date) and get transferred to your savings account/emergency fund account.
  7. Cut back on your unnecessary spending and look out for money leaks in your budget which can be plugged. Then use the saved money to build your fund.

Learn to differentiate between an emergency and a non-emergency expense. Birthday surprises, holidays, getting new fixtures for the car or the house, paying for your insurance etc. are not emergencies. Do not dip into your emergency fund to pay for these. Use your emergency fund wisely.

Did you know that online services offer the cheapest remittance options (Infosys money transfer report, 2016)? With the number of migrants increasing rapidly, the need for online money transfer services has increased as well. They are the easiest and safest way for expats to send money back home.

sending money abroad

 

Are you new to the whole online remittance scene? Then here are simple fundamental things you need to know about the online money transfer. Ensure you ask these questions and get atleast similar, close answers (as given below) before you remit online.

Q1: How long does an online transfer take?
A1: The cash should reach the beneficiary almost instantly.

Q2: What are the fees involved?
A2: Reputable online money transfer services charge a very nominal fee and there are no hidden costs involved.

Q3: What documents will be required to transfer money?
A3: The sender just needs to login and send cash. No documents are required for the same.

Q4: Is the online remittance portal secure?
A4: Ensure the URL begins with” https://”, where the ‘s’ stands for secure and that a small padlock symbol appears at the beginning of the web address. There should be a Verisign seal on the bottom of every webpage.

Q5: Is online remittance and its customer service available 24-hours?
A5: Any online money transferring service should be available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days of the year.

Q6: Can I track my transactions?
A6: Of course! Any reputed money transfer service will allow you to track your transfer, either by sending it to your registered mobile number or by providing you with login credentials so you can go to their website to login and track your payment.

Q7: Can I send money to someone who does not have a bank account?
A7: Absolutely! People who do not have bank accounts can collect cash directly from the authorised agents. They just need to carry relevant documents such as ID proof and the unique pin number which will be provided.

Q8: Can anyone send money online? Is it very complicated?
A8: Anyone can transfer money online, since it’s an extremely easy process and no documents are required. Just register yourself online, and activate the service, add beneficiaries and start sending money.

Q9: What is the difference between exchange rates shown before and while transacting?
A9: The best accurate exchange rate is always provided at precise time of transaction. Rates shown under rate calculator and currency rates are indicative rates. The correct rate shown on the website is the rate displayed at the time of transaction.

Q10: How can you avoid delays in payouts?
A10: Make sure you input the correct information and respond back to any additional information requests quickly. Keep in mind the bank holidays which will affect the transactions and above all, be considerate of the payment network’s processing hours.

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Any personal financial crisis is unpredictable and can arise due to many reasons – loss of job, medical emergencies or loss of property to theft or a calamity. What follows a financial crisis is mayhem, and people undergoing the crisis are usually stressed, depressed, dejected and worried about their future. This feeling of helplessness and anxiety is magnified multi-fold when the person concerned is living away from his/her family in a foreign country. If their family’s sustenance depends on his/her earning ability, then such financial crisis can prove to be disastrous.

While dealing with such situations may be emotionally, physically and financially draining, all hope is not lost. It is possible to regain financial stability albeit it may take some time, but a near-positive outlook and a solid plan can help overcome such crisis. Here are a few ways to help you combat financial crisis.

Financial Crisis Overcoming tips

#Stop brooding, focus: The sooner you start focusing on your problem, the better. Dealing with your emotional chaos is normal, but do not spend a great deal of time on it. Accept your situation and deal with it head-on.

#Talk to someone: If you are finding it difficult to deal with the situation alone, then talk to someone about your situation. It can be a family member or a close friend – but it has to be someone who can offer you valuable suggestions and help you out, not just sympathize.

#Assess your situation: Make a list of what and how much you lost and a list of outstanding, debts, receivables, etc., and then check that against the savings you have. This will give you the motivation you need.

#Devise a plan: Based on the exact nature of the problem, come up with a recovery plan that addresses this problem. You may need to increase your income or sell off some assets to reduce your losses or to meet your expenses. You may also need to take up an additional job.

#Follow your plan: Once you have your plan in place, start working on it immediately. Prioritise your debt repayment plan wherever necessary and make sure you discuss details with your family. They too can pitch in with ideas and support. There will be major lifestyle changes, so everyone needs to get adjusted to it till the time you regain financial stability.

Ensure you send money home, yet save by using the services of money transfer providers who provide good, competitive rates. Always save some part of your salary and invest in recurring deposits or fixed deposits so it’s locked in for a fixed period. Access your savings only in case of an emergency. Any crises can be overcome, the trick is to surround yourself with people who are supportive, positive and can take meaningful action.

Actions always speak louder than despair!

India Budget 2017

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